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dm-crypt + LUKS on loopback file step by step (get rid of passphase) February 13, 2007

Posted by TSAI HONG-BIN in Linux.
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I know there are good intro. about this encrypted filesystem solution everywhere, so this is basically a hit and run how-to.

//create key.256
#dd if=/dev/random bs=1 count=32 2> /dev/null | xxd -ps -c 256 > key.vol.256

//create a loopback device, use /dev/urandom instead of /dev/random
#dd if=/dev/urandom of=crypt.loop bs=1M count=256

//make sure you have modules dm-crypt, aes installed
//(aes-i586 is a assembly version of aes implementation)
//if you feel up to apply other crypto-algorithm, cat /proc/crypt is a list of available ones
#modprobe dm-crypt
#modprobe aes-i586

//setup the loopback file as a loopback device
#losetup /dev/loop0 crypt.loop

//encrypt the device
#cryptsetup –cipher aes-cbc-essiv:sha256 luksFormat /dev/loop0 ~/key.vol.256

//open the device (dm-crypt will create a node under /dev/mapper)
#cryptsetup –key-file ~/key.vol.256 luksOpen /dev/loop0 crypt.loop

//format the device as any kind of filesystem you like
#mke2fs /dev/mapper/crypt.loop

//mount it and start to do your read/write
#mkdir crypted
#mount /dev/mapper/crypt.loop crypted

//umount and close the device
#umount crypted
#cryptsetup luksClose crypt.loop
#losetup -d /dev/loop0

if you check the file crypt.loop with command file, it will only tell you it’s a data file. Somehow this is a good feature that no information about this file will be disclosed seemingly. One big problem I currently have no answer to that is the “luksClose” command. It requires no secret key. This implies everyone with root privilege (kindda strong assumption though) can close the device.

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